what it does:

bone and tooth formation, blood clotting, heart rhythm, nerve tranquillisation, nerve transmission, muscle growth and contraction

bodily parts affected:

blood, bones, heart, skin, muscles, soft tissue, nervous system, teeth

deficiency symptoms:

insomnia, nervousness, irritability, joint pains, muscle cramps, PMT, constipation, arthritis, heart palpitations, tooth decay, osteoporosis, osteomalacia (softening of the bones and teeth), brittle fingernails


lack of exercise, magnesium or vitamin D deficiency, stress, excessive saturated fat

food sources:

kelp tablets or powder, brewer’s yeast, molasses, milk, cheese, yoghurt, broccoli, peas and beans, pulses, green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds

Health information is not a substitute for good diagnosis,
and a doctor should be consulted when illness is present